did you get any error message during installation? After the installation the last line of the file /etc/inittab should be
3d:2345:respawn:/etc/3DxWare/daemon/3dxsrv -d usb </dev>/dev/null 2>&1
If this is not the case please add the line manually.
In case the driver does not start correct please add the options -debug -E.
3d:2345:respawn:/etc/3DxWare/daemon/3dxsrv -d usb -debug -E </dev>/dev/null 2>&1
This will create a log file /tmp/3DxWare that might help us to find out what is wrong. Please post your findings here.
The setup with the virtual machine is not an officially supported configuration from our side. When you have Catia I assume your virtual machine is Windows? Then you need the Windows driver installed and started on your virtual machine. The USB port needs to be passed through to the virtual machine; the Linux driver has to be stopped.